As a “new concept, new category and new expression” in academia, national governance has been prevalently researched in China. National Governance Index (NGI) is of significance for China’s national governance and reform. As one major manifest form of the Western instrumentalism and scientism, indexes have been widely accepted and used in the academic field abroad. Put forward by Western scholars, Corruption Perceptions Index, Index of Economic Freedom, World Governance Indicators, Human Development Index and World Rule of Law Index are five most significant indexes that closely reflect the governance levels. These indexes have played an important role in promoting the influence of the Western governance theory. Western values exist and continue to live under the cover of seemingly objective data after these indexes are coined. As a result, Western academic field has gained a greater say by index research and development. However, the traditional research patterns of this concept national governance and the predicament of the governance reality in Western countries motivate Chinese scholars to break the Western academic hegemony by developing a system of indexes and gain discourse power in academic field.

Researches on national governance are mainly undertaken from the theoretical perspective and the empirical perspective. Generally speaking, although pioneering academic achievements have been made in developing national governance indexes, there is still much room for improvement. As NGI marks the breaking of the Western hegemony in political indexes and further can be practically used in risk assessment for “Belt and Road” initiative, the research team led by Political Science Institute at East China University of Political Science and Law has developed the NGI indicator system after a wide range of academic exchange. The NGI indicator system can measure the governance levels of all the countries in the world. Specifically, these indicators can accurately identify China’s position among all the countries in terms of national governance level and objectively assess China’s development in recent years. In addition, the analysis of specific indicators in NGI can timely expose China’s weaknesses and problems in national governance, thereby providing some clues to coming up with countermeasures.

The development of NGI was started in March 2015.The research team of the Political Science Institute at East China University of Political Science and Law first carried out extensive surveys and in-depth discussions to develop indicator system. In order to perfect the system, the research team consulted hundreds of scholars at home and abroad in the field of political science and international relationship, especially Professors Yu Keping, Yang Xuedong and He Zengke in Compilation and Translation Bureau of the CPC Central Committee. In addition, the Political Science Institute organized NGI Research and Assessment Seminar (June 13, 2015), Rule of Law and National Governance Seminar (October 31, 2015) and other seminars to assess the reliability and validity of NGI.



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